Image from page 419 of “St. Nicholas [serial]” (1873)
Title: St. Nicholas [serial]
Year: 1873 (1870s)
Authors: Dodge, Mary Mapes, 1830-1905
Subjects: Children’s literature
Publisher: [New York : Scribner & Co.]
Contributing Library: Information and Library Science Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Digitizing Sponsor: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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, causing anWhen a heavy train is passing, you know how earthquake or earth-tremble. Some of thesethe ground jars and shakes, even at a consider- waves in the rock are several feet high, and asable distance. This is because waves are formed they move at the rate of from thirteen to eighty miles in a minute, whenthey pass under a townit may beshaken down ortossed up, like the menon a chess-board whenone gives it a rap under-neath ; and in the twink-ling of an eye the larg-est buildings may beoverthrown. Sometimesthe earth jumps up be-neath the feet, some-times it sinks suddenlydown, and sometimesthe motion is from sideto side, so that trees in the ground like those formed in the water lash the ground with their tops. There iswhen disturbed by the fall of a stone. Now if, something inexpressibly dreadful about anowing to some disturbance below, the rock- earthquake. There is the sudden subterran-crust of the earth should suddenly rise or fall ean thunder, then the violent shaking of the
Text Appearing After Image:
MONTE NUOVO, ITALY, FORMED DURING A SINGLE NIGHT IN 1538. i8g*.] VOLCANOES AND EARTHQUAKES. 887 earth, the crash of falling buildings, and thecries of affrighted men, women, and childrenrushing hither and thither for safety. Butwhere is safety to be found when the earthitself is rocking? Earthquakes sometimes disturb the sea andcause the formation of immense waves, whichpass across entire oceans and break upon theshores to a height far above that reachedduring the severest storms. Earthquake-wavesfollowing earthquakes have done terrible dam-age to cities and settlements on the shores ofChili and Peru, the Sandwich Islands, the WestIndies, and elsewhere. II.VOLCANOES AND EARTHQUAKES. By Professor Frederick D. Chester. It may be asked, why do we speak of vol-canoes and earthquakes in the same breath ?I answer, because the two are as closely relatedas a boiler and its safety-valve. After the greatearthquake of July, 1883, upon the island ofIschia, in the Mediterranean, Mount Vesuvius,whi
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By Internet Archive Book Images on 1873-01-01 00:00:00